It is usual, on hearing of a death of a fellow Muslim, to recite the following brief prayer:
Innaa Lillahi Wa Innaa Ilayhi Raaji’oon
Verily we belong to Allah and will return to Allah
Rasulullah (s.a.w.) taught these words as salutation to the people of the graves and to pray for their forgiveness:
Peace be upon you, O you of the believers and Muslims dwelling in these abodes. Behold, if Allah wills, we shall meet you. We beseech Oh Allah safety for us and for you.
There are many supplications that may be read at the grave side, the best being the recital of the Holy Quraan.
Stand facing the grave (back towards the Qiblah) and recite as much of the Quraan as possible and make Dua for the forgiveness of the deceased.
A few other ways of praying for the dead are given below:
– In a Hadith it is reported that you should recite Surah IKHLAAS 11 times
– In a Hadith it is reported that if a person recites Surah YASEEN in the cemetery, the punishment of the dead will be eased and the reciter will be rewarded just as much as the deceased.
– In a Hadith it is reported that whoever visits the cemetery and recites the following Surahs and then prays for the dead, the people of the grave will also ask Allah for such a person’s forgiveness.
1. FAATIHAH (ALHAMDU)
2. IKHLAAS (QULHUWALLAH)
3. TAKAASUR (ALHAKUMUT TAKAASUR)
How to perform the Funeral Prayers (Janãzah Salãh)
The Janãzah Salãh consists of FOUR TAKBEERS, THANA, DUROOD, a DUA for the deceased and TWO SALAAMS.
All these are said SILENTLY by both the Imam and the congregation. Just the Imam should call out the Takbeers and Salaams aloud. There are two compulsory acts in the Janãzah Salãh: to stand and perform the Salãh and to recite all the FOUR Takbeers.
NIYYAT (intention) should be made as follows: “I am performing this Janãzah Salãh for Allah behind this Imam” (The Salãh being a prayer for the deceased). After the Niyyat the hands should be raised up to the ears and the Imam will give the first takbeer by saying “Allahu Akbar” loudly and the congregation will repeat this softly.
Then fold your arms under the navel similar to all daily Salãh.
Then recite THANA softly:
Glory be to You Oh Allah, and praise be to You, and blessed is Your name, and exalted is Your Majesty, and there is none to be served besides You.
The Imam will then recite the Takbeer aloud and the congregation softly for the second time. The hands should NOT be raised when saying this and all subsequent Takbeers. The Durood Ibrahim should now be read:
Oh Allah! Shower Your mercy upon Muhammad (s.a.w.) and the followers of Muhammad (s.a.w.), as You showered Your mercy upon Ibrahim and the followers of Ibrahim. Behold, You are Praiseworthy, Glorious. Oh Allah! Shower Your blessing upon Muhammad (s.a.w.), and the followers of Muhammad (s.a.w.) as You showered Your blessings upon Ibrahim and the followers of Ibrahim. Behold, You are Praiseworthy, Glorious.
Thereafter, the Takbeer should be said for the THIRD time and the following Dua be recited for an adult male or female:
Oh Allah! Forgive those of us that are alive and those of us that are dead; those of us that are present and those of us who are absent; those of us who are young and those of us who are adults; our males and our females. Oh Allah! Whomsoever You keep alive, let him live as a follower of Islam and whomsoever You cause to die, let him die a Believer.
For a child who has not reached the age of puberty the following Dua should be recited after the THIRD Takbeer:
Dua for boy:-
Dua for girl:-
Oh Allah! Make him/her (this child) a source for our salvation and make him/her a source of reward and treasure for us and make him/her an intercessor for us and one whose intercession is accepted.
The Imam should say the FOURTH Takbeer and thereafter recite the Salaam aloud TWICE while turning his face first towards the RIGHT shoulder and then once again while turning his face towards the left. The congregation should follow by saying the Takbeer and Salaam softly.